gravitational potential energy

The gravitational potential energy of a closed system is the energy required to move each particle in the system an infinite distance from each other particle. Note that this is always negative, it is a deficit of energy that must be supplied.

In QO, there is an equivalent definition: the gravitational potential energy of a closed system is the energy that was required to create the particles in it from nothingness and move them to their current locations within the system.

Key findings: cosmology

Submitted by jhwierenga on Mon, 07/30/2018 - 07:57

Before the Big Bang, there was space: Space consists of space quantum systems, which continually split, producing new space quantum systems. Real - as opposed to virtual  - particles came into existence when there were sufficient space quantum systems within a sufficiently small volume that their combined mass-energy fluctuations contained sufficient (negative) gravitational energy to counterbalance the mass-energy from these particles, so that these fluctuations persisted.