topological curvature of universe

Supposing the universe to be the 3-surface of a 4-ball, then this topology dictates a curvature.

In QO, this curvature is presumed not to accelerate the motions of any particles in the way that gravity does, anymore than the curvature of the Earth accelerates motions. 

Key findings: cosmology

Submitted by jhwierenga on Mon, 07/30/2018 - 07:57

Before the Big Bang, there was space: Space consists of space quantum systems, which continually split, producing new space quantum systems. Real - as opposed to virtual  - particles came into existence when there were sufficient space quantum systems within a sufficiently small volume that their combined mass-energy fluctuations contained sufficient (negative) gravitational energy to counterbalance the mass-energy from these particles, so that these fluctuations persisted.